About Pakistan

We are students of grade VII, Karachi High School. Our school is in one of the biggest cities of Pakistan. We welcome all participants to visit our country Pakistan.

Flag of Pakistan
The National flag of Pakistan was designed by Ammer-ud-Din Khidwai, and was adopted upon independence on August 14, 1947. The green section represents Muslims, while the white section represents non-Muslins minorities. The crescent represents progress; the star symbolizes light and knowledge.
A common apellation for the flag is subz hilali parcham (Urdu for "green flag with the crescent").
Flag of Pakistan

National Emblem of Pakistan
The National Emblem of Pakistan was adopted in 1954 upon approval by the government. The emblem is usually colored green, and that with the addition of the crescent and star at the top represent the Islamic majority religion of Pakistan.
In the center of the emblem is a shield that represents agriculture through a portrayal of the four major crops of Pakistan at the time of this adoption: cotton, jute, tea, and wheat.
The floral wreath around the shield is representative of the history of Pakistan, as the wreath is a Mughal design.
Finally, the scroll at the botton contains the national motto of Pakistan in Urdu. The motto is a saying of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and reads from right to left: Iman, Attehad, Tanzeem which is translated into "Faith, Unity, Discipline".

Pakistan is 2,415 km. long from north to south, stretching across the northwestern edge of Indo-Pak sobcontinent. Its axis is the great Indus River, the traditional source of life for its people. The Indus and its tributaries drain the entire country, except for the western desert region of Baluchistan, and its waters create the largest irrigation system in the world. To the west of Indus lies the huge, desert plateau of the province Baluchistan, covering 44% of the country's surface area. The most dramatic and fascinating aspect of Pakistan's geography is the jumbled mass of mountains in the fart north.

Pakistan map

Pakistan is a mostly dry region characterized by great extremes of altitude and temperature. The Indus River runs between the two main landforms of the country: The Indus Plain, along the eastern side of the river, and the Baluchistan Highlands, which lie to the west. Other landforms are a narrow coastal plain, bordering the Arabian Sea; the Kharan Basin, west of the Baluchistan Highlands; and the Thar Desert, straddling the border with India.
Northern areas of Pakistan are blassed with some of the tallest peaks and mountains in the world in the Great Himalayians. The most popular and renowned peak is K-2 as known also Mt Godwin Austin. Its height is about 28,250 ft or 8,611 meters which makes its 2nd highest peak in the world after Mount Everes. Other mountains include well known Nanga Parbat of about 26,660ft./8,126 meters (8th in World) and Gasherbrum about 26,470 ft./8,068 meters (11th in World)

POPULATION Pakistan's population (1995 estimate) of 134,974,000 is ethnically varied, including groups from Dravidian, Indo-Aryan, Greek, Scythian, Hun, Arab, Mongol, Persian, and Afghan backgrounds. Only about 35 percent of the people live in urban areas. Islam is the faith of about 97 percent of the people of Pakistan, and the country is constitionally defined as an Islamic nation.

ECONOMY Agricultural activities engage about half of the workforce. Principal crops include sugarcane, rice, cotton lint, and corn. Cotton is also important, as textile yarn and fabrics produce more than one-half of export earnings. Livestock include cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, and chickens. About 4 percent of Pakistan is forested, and most of the wood harvested is used as fuel. Pakistan's fishing resources, althought underdeveloped, are extensive. Types of fish caught include sardine, shark, and anchovy; shrimp are also important to the seafood industry. Pakistan's mineral resources are important to the economy. Its manufacturing capacity is small, but expanding. The basic monetary unit is the Pakistani rupee (34.37 rupees equal U.S. $1; 1996).

Pakistan has inherited a combination of Mughal and British colonial architectural forms. Mughal architects combined te Muslim preferences for large domes, slender towers, and archways with the Hindu use of red sandstone, white marble, and inlaid jewels. Mughal artists decorated the monuments with verses from the Quran, the sacred text of Islam.

Badshahi Mosque and Lahore Fort (built between the 1580s and 1670s). The courtyard of the mosque can acommodate 100,000 worshipers, making it the second largest mosque in the world.
Pakistan also has the world's largest mosque, the Faisal Mosque in Islamabad, a gift from Saudi Arabia that was constructed in the 1980s. It was designed by a Turkish architect to look like an Arab desert tent.
Shah Jahan Mosque (17th century), in Thatta, Sind Province; and the mid-18th-century tomb of the great Sindhi poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, in Bhit Shah, near Hynderabad.

Cities of Pakistan

Karachi is the largest city and former capital of Pakistan on the Arabian Sea near the Indus River delta. The capital of Sindh province, it is Pakistan's chief seaport and industrial center. Karachi is not just a city. It is a unique city in many ways.
The city of Lahore is the capital of the Punjab. It occupies a central position, and is generally called 'The Heart of Pakistan'. Lahore is situated on the banks of the Ravi. Lahore is a city of gardens, and has the reputation of being the 'Green City'. It occupies a choice site in the midst of fertile alluvial plains. Lahore is the city of poets, artists and the center of film industry.
Tower of Lahore
Badshahi Mosque

Shah Faisal Mosque
Islamabad Blue Area
It is the purpose-built capital of Pakistan. It lies against the surroundings of the Margalla Hills at the northern end of Pothowar Plateau. The city was built intentionally to serve as the capital city of Pakistan in 1960 by the orders of the President General Ayub Khan.
The capital is full of natural terraces and meadows and the southern plain drained by the Kurang River with the Margalla Hills in the north east.

The coast west of Karachi Harbour entrance upto Buleji/Paradise Point consists of sandy beaches, Manora, Sandspit and Hawksbay beaches, which are separated from each other by rocky protruding points. The Hawksbay/Sandspit beaches lie about 15 km southwest of Karachi City. They are flanked to the northwest by the Arabian Sea and to the southwest by a dense mangrove forest cover in the coastal backwaters.
Sea turtle
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