POLAND - 20 interesting facts
Officially, Poland is now 1038 years old. Its formal beginning is the
year 966 when the ruling prince, Mieszko I, decided to adopt Christianity
as the official religion of his people, thus establishing political
bonds with the rest of civilised Europe.
The name "Poland" - in Latin "Polonia" and in Polish
"Polska" comes from the name of the tribe "Polanie",
who used to inhabit the western part of today's country. It used to
mean: people living in open fields.
Our national colours are red and white. They can be seen on our flag
and emblem. The emblem represents a white eagle on the red background
and there is a nice legend about it. We wrote down the legend and put
in on the website of the Global Coalition, in which we have been participating
for over a year. You can read it here, alongside with some other Polish
Here is what our country looks like now.
Its capital is Warszawa (Warsaw in English). It has the sea in the
North and the mountains in the South. We live more to the south, in
a city called Katowice, which is the capital city of a region called
Silesia, in Polish - Slask.
The best known and most loved Polish city is Kraków, Cracow in
English. It is in fact the real heart of the country, the city of unputdownable
charm, history and atmosphere. Make sure you come to see it if you are
one day in the area!
There are many legends and stories about Cracow. The most famous ones
are about the Dragon of Cracow and about how Princess Wanda saved the
city. They can also be found as a part of our presentation, on the global
Poland relly is situated in the VERY HEART of Europe. The geometrical
central point of the whole continent can be found in a town of Schowola
in the East of the country.
The most famous Pole is - in our opinion - the most famous astronomer
of all times, who also happens to be the patron of our school. His name
is Mikotaj Kopernik, known to the world as Nicolaus Copernicus. His biggest
merit is that he "stopped the Sun and moved the Earth".
The best Polish sportspeople nowadays are Adam Malysz - a ski jumper
and Otylia Jedrzejczak - a swimmer. We are VERY PROUD of them!
Otylia won three medals this year at the Olympic Games! One was silver
and two were gold!
Another famous Pole was Tadeusz Kosciuszko. We think
many of you will have heard of him - at least our friends from the USA.
Did you know that he had fought in the American Independence War and
the one who built West Point?
Our friends in Australia may know the name, too. His name was also given
to the highest mountain in Australia, Mount Kosciuszko, which is situated
in Kosciuszco National Park! The man who is responsible por it is a
famous Polish traveller and discoverer, Pawel Strzelecki, who spent
a few years in Australia in the 19th century and explored a big part
of the continent.
One of the most famous places in Poland is the oldest Salt Mine in Wieliczca,
near Kraków. It is a truly impresive place, in which salt has
been excavated for over 700 years! Check our Global Coalition site to
read how - according to a legend - salt was discovered there. End if
you want to find out more abut the place, you can visit their oficial
website at: http://www.kopalnia.pl/english/index.html
We have twenty-three National Parks in Poland, so you can see we are
concerned about protecting our wildlife and landscapes! In some of them
there are some truly unique species of animals, like the European buffalo
or white eagle for example. Here is a nice place to learn about our
The population of Poland in the 10th century was about 1 -1,5 mln. Now
it is over 38,2 mln.
In our opinion, the most interesting building in Poland
is Spodek in our city, Katowice. The name means "Saucer" and
it really looks like a giant flying saucer, especially at night. It
is a big sports and concert hall.
Polish language belongs to the group of Western Slavonic languages.
With us, there are two other languages in this group: Czech and Slovakian.
Especially the Slovakian language is very easy for us to understand.
In Poland there are three main types of schools. You start in a primary
school when you are seven and continue for six years. Then you go to
a junior secondary, or middle school for three years and finally for
three years to secondary school. At the end of it you are nineteen and
if you pass your exams, you can go to university!
The Polish alphabet consists of 32 letters. Here they are:
We also use some dyphtongs to express the consonants which do not
have a one-letter representation in the alphabet.
We have seven times in history won the Nobel Prize. Here are the winners
from Poland: Literature - Henryk Sienkiewicz, Wladyslaw Reymont, Czeslaw
Milosz and Wislawa Szymborska. Peace - Lech Walesa. Chemistry - Maria
Sklodowska-Curie. Physics - Maria Sklodowska-Curie.
This fact is about US. We are a small group of 10 students who belong
to the school International Club. Our club is called "Fileas"
("Phileas" in English). We are all twelve years old and have
been working for the club for three years. It's our last year in the
school. Our school's name is 34 Nicholas Copernicus Primary School.
Here is de website or our school, on which our club is also presented:
This is us!
Hello from Poland!